The Protective Value of Hardiness on Military Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms
ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX
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This study examined the protective effects of hardiness dispositional resilience on self-reported posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD symptoms in a sample of postdeployed service members. Hardiness was negatively related to PTSD symptoms. Time in the military, number of deployments, and total time spent on deployment were all positively related to PTSD symptoms. Hardiness moderated the effects of time in the military on PTSD symptoms, such that time in the military had no effect on those who were high in hardiness. Hardiness did not moderate the effects of either deployment measure. Suggestions to modify current military resilience training programs to most effectively enhance the benefits of hardiness are discussed.
- Medicine and Medical Research