Identification of Disulphide Stress-responsive Extracytoplasmic Function Sigma Factors in Rothia mucilaginosa
ARMY INST OF SURGICAL RESEARCH FORT SAM HOUSTON TX ARMY DENTAL AND TRAUMA RESEARCH DETACHMENT
Pagination or Media Count:
Rothia mucilaginosa is known as a member of commensal bacterial flora in the oral cavity and has received attention as a potential opportunistic pathogen. We previously determined the genomic sequence of R. mucilaginosa DY-18, a clinical strain with biofilm-like structures isolated from an infected root canal of a tooth with persistent apical periodontitis. We found that the DY-18 genome had only two sigma factor genes that encoded the primary and extracytoplasmic function ECF sigma factors. Genomic analysis on the available database of R. mucilaginosa ATCC 25296 a type strain for R. mucilaginosa revealed that ATCC 25296 has three sigma factors one primary sigma factor and two ECF sigma factors, one of which was highly homologous to that of DY-18. ECF sigma factors play an important role in the response to environmental stress and to the production of virulence factors. Therefore, we first examined gene-encoding sigma factors on R. mucilaginosa genome in silico. The homologous ECF sigma factors found in strains DY-18 and ATCC 25296 formed a distinct SigH SigR clade in a phylogenetic tree and their cognate anti-sigma factor has a HXXXCXXC motif known to respond against disulphide stress. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction PCR and microarray analysis showed that the transcriptional levels of sigH were markedly up-regulated under disulphide stress in both strains. Microarray data also demonstrated that several oxidative-stress-related genes thioredoxin, mycothione reductase, reductase and oxidoreductase were significantly up-regulated under the diamide stress. On the basis of these results, we conclude that the alternative sigma factor SigH of R. mucilaginosa is a candidate regulator in the redox state.
- Genetic Engineering and Molecular Biology
- Anatomy and Physiology
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Stress Physiology