Accession Number:

ADA614277

Title:

Persistence of Antibiotic Resistance Plasmids in Biofilms

Descriptive Note:

Annual rept. 30 Sep 2013 29 Sep 2014

Corporate Author:

IDAHO UNIV MOSCOW DEPT OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2014-10-01

Pagination or Media Count:

35.0

Abstract:

Plasmids play an important role in the spread of genes that confer resistance to antibiotics among bacterial pathogens. Given the worrisome rise of bacterial multi-drug resistance worldwide, the goal of our current research project is to characterize the evolutionary mechanisms by which multi-drug resistance MDR plasmids improve their persistence in biofilms formed by important wound pathogens. The central hypothesis of this study is that the evolutionary pathways through which stable plasmid maintenance improves are different and more varied in biofilms than in well-mixed liquid cultures due to the uniquely spatially structured environment of biofilms. To address this hypotheses the following aims are being addressed i Compare the persistence of MDR plasmids in populations of clinically relevant bacteria grown in biofilms and well-mixed liquid cultures ii Compare the evolution of plasmid persistence in bacteria grown in biofilms and well-mixed liquids iii Characterize evolutionary changes that occur during stabilization of plasmid-host pairs under both conditions.

Subject Categories:

  • Genetic Engineering and Molecular Biology
  • Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE