Accession Number:

ADA613397

Title:

Houston-Galveston Navigation Channel Shoaling Study

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. Oct 2009-Sep 2012

Corporate Author:

ENGINEER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER VICKSBURG MS COASTAL AND HYDRAULICS LAB

Report Date:

2014-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

156.0

Abstract:

The Monitoring Completed Navigation Projects MCNP program evaluates the performance of civil works navigation projects to advance coastal and hydraulic engineering technology and guidance. Monitoring is designed to understand how well projects are achieving their design goals to ultimately develop more accurate and cost-effective engineering solutions for US Army Corps of Engineers USACE coastal and hydraulic problems. Through the MCNP, design criteria and methods, construction practices, and Operation and Maintenance OM techniques are improved. The monitoring program also identifies where present technology is inadequate or where additional research is required. The Houston-Galveston Navigation Channel HGNC MCNP study was initiated in 2009 to determine the causes of an unanticipated increase in channel shoaling, which occurred after deepening and widening was completed in 2005. Commercial traffic in Galveston Bay began in 1837 through a shallow natural channel. Recent deepening and widening of the Houston-Galveston Navigation Channel was authorized to accommodate larger vessels and meet safety and efficiency requirements of the Port of Galveston and Port of Houston. When designing the most recent channel improvement, the USACE Galveston District calculated future shoaling and the associated required placement area capacity based on historical OM data. The District anticipated that the trends from 1948-1995 would continue and the only increase in OM dredging would be caused by the lengthening of the channel offshore. The final design estimated 1.42 Million cubic yards Mcy per year maintenance dredging for the 45 ft x 530 ft channel, whereas the actual has been estimated by some methods to be much more. Nine hypotheses were developed to explain the unanticipated increase in navigation channel shoaling after channel improvements.

Subject Categories:

  • Civil Engineering
  • Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE