IHR (2005) Compliance: Laboratory Capacities and Biological Risks
GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIV DC SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES
Pagination or Media Count:
In 2005, the United States and the other Member States of the World Health Organization WHO agreed to a new approach to global health security. Recognizing that international agreements rooted in the nineteenth century no longer sufficiently addressed the health threats posed by novel, emerging, and reemerging pathogens such as severe acute respiratory syndrome SARS and highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza, the World Health Assembly WHA adopted the revised International Health Regulations IHR 2005.1 The revised IHR entered into force in June 2007. IHR 2005 obligate the now- 196 States Parties to develop the core capacities required to detect, assess, report, and respond to public health emergencies of international concern. The regulations cover biological, chemical, radiologicalnuclear, and other threats to public health, regardless of origin naturally, accidentally, or deliberately released. Over the past decade, governments, WHO, and international partners have devoted resources to the implementation of IHR 2005 as a framework for achieving global health security. The IHR 2005 agreement emphasizes the obligations of States Parties to develop, strengthen, and maintain the core capacities needed to detect and respond rapidly to emerging events from the national to the local level, as defined in Annex 1 of the agreement Figure 1.
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Medical Facilities, Equipment and Supplies
- Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods