The Zero Suicide Program (ZSP) as a Strategy for Reduction and Prevention of Suicides Among Active Duty United States Air Force Members: A Program and Evaluation Plan
SCHOOL OF AEROSPACE MEDICINE WRIGHT PATTERSON AFB OH AEROSPACE MEDICINE DEPT
Pagination or Media Count:
The problem of suicide among our military members is one of growing concern for military commanders and political leaders alike. Traditionally the national suicide rates have usually remained higher than that of the military, at about 20 per 100,000. Depending on whose calculations to believe though, it appears that the rate of rise in suicides is much higher in military members than among their civilian counterparts. Although not as high as the United States Army USA, rates among members of the United States Air Force USAF have also been on the rise. The only formal program instituted by the USAF to counteract suicides is the USAF Suicide Prevention Program SPP launched over 18 years ago in 1996. Although it may have had a positive effect in the years immediately following its launch, recent figures both published and unpublished suggest that effect no longer seems to be present. This paper begins with a review of existing suicide prevention programs by first outlining the results of a systematic review of the published literature. A proposed Zero Suicides Program ZSP model to update and improve the current existing SPP, will then be introduced. This will be accomplished with a focus on causal factors possibly unique to the USAF, by describing its relevant theory basis, goals and objectives, implementation, logic model and evaluation plan. Implementation of the ZSP will be accomplished by meeting a series of short and long term objectives, with an eventual goal of wide spread dissemination to the Air Force and military wide community.
- Behavioral and Social Sciences
- Medicine and Medical Research
- Military Forces and Organizations