Private Security Contractors: A Way of Combating Piracy in the Horn of Africa
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
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Private security contractors PSC are an integral part of the global effort in conducting counter-piracy operations in the Horn of Africa. Their previous use in Iraq, Afghanistan, Kosovo, and Somalia in support of military operations has been relevant to mission success. From 2008-2011, piracy in the Horn of Africa grew to astronomical numbers. A global effort ensued in 2009 with the creation of three maritime task forces, counter-piracy working groups, and an increase in the hiring of private security contractors. Private security contractors have bridged the gap between the shipping industry, maritime insurance agencies, and the nations naval assets. Their involvement made immediate impacts to the piracy epidemic, successfully reducing piracy by more than 50 percent. This study centered on the role of private security contractors operating in the Horn of Africa through the framework of the theory of supply and demand. In a time when it appears piracy will continue to thrive, the importance of private security contractors cannot be overstated.
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