North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the United States, and International Legitimacy
SAMS Monograph rept. Jun 2013-May 2014
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES
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This monograph illustrates that in order for the United States to maintain its security and position as a global power, it will need to dedicate itself to the development of its relationship within NATO and its member states. Identifying the benefits for continued United States support to NATO is the objective of this monograph. For the purpose of this study, three pillars of the U.S.--NATO relationship are discussed 1 politics 2 military and 3 international legitimacy. As a member country, the United States interaction within NATO is investigated in three contemporary case studies Kosovo from 1998-1999, the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 2008, and Libya in 2011. NATOs Operation Allied Force intervention campaign in Kosovo, demonstrated NATOs application of political and military pressure in the post-Cold War era. NATOs interaction with Georgia before, during and after the Russian invasion of 2008 identified the complex nature of NATO political expansion into East and Eastern Central Europe. NATOs Operation Unified Protector in Libya helped re-define NATO outside its geographic boundaries. All three case studies have identified strengths and weaknesses for United States membership in NATO. NATOs strengths provide national legitimacy through a regional organization, increased military power projection through basing, and United States foreign policy influence within a regional organization. NATOs weakness includes a lack of equitable burden sharing from all NATO members degradation of United States influence within the organization and a lack of political consensus within NATO.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Forces and Organizations