Accession Number:

ADA611975

Title:

Coffee Beans and Rice Paddies - War on the Cheap: American Advisors in El Salvador and Vietnam

Descriptive Note:

Monograph

Corporate Author:

ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MILITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2014-05-19

Pagination or Media Count:

76.0

Abstract:

The war in Iraq is over, and the war in Afghanistan is ending for Americans after 13 years. A war-weary populace is looking for a peace dividend, and the Department of Defense is drawing tight its financial belt. The world remains fraught with enemies of western society, though, and recent events in Europe and Asia would indicate a return to a bipolar balance of power in the international relations realm of politics. Low-intensity conflict, nation-building, expeditionary counterinsurgency, stability operations, armed intercession and proxy wars will rise from our Cold War history books and revisit themselves upon us again. How to do more with less is the eternal question of every leader. Regarding that issue, this study offers a perspective relative to combat advisorship in a conflict. The purpose of this study is to analyze the advisory years of South Vietnam 1955-63 and the American advisory efforts in the El Salvadoran Civil War 1979-1992 with an eye toward effectiveness--how well did the advisors, and their charges, execute their individual counterinsurgency campaigns. Determining good or poor execution requires a synthesis of counterinsurgent doctrine, theory, and history. The mechanism used for this determinant is a comparative case study. This study takes theory, doctrine, and the history of the events of the two wars, sifts them through Gordon McCormicks Mystic Diamond Model of counterinsurgency operations, and derives conclusions of effective use of advisors. Analyzing El Salvador and Vietnam from a counterinsurgent perspective reveals some interesting correlations between the effectiveness of a governmental counterinsurgent force, and the echelon of a host governance upon which U.S. advisory forces placed the most emphasis. There is a correlation that can be drawn from the research the higher the echelon in a host country that can be influenced, the more success the overall counterinsurgent effort eventually has. Eventually is the operant word, bec

Subject Categories:

  • Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE