Prevalence and Correlates of Suicidal Behavior Among New Soldiers in the U.S. Army: Results from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS)
UNIFORMED SERVICES UNIV OF THE HEALTH SCIENCES BETHESDA MD CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF TRAUMATIC STRESS
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Background The prevalence of suicide among U.S. Army soldiers has risen dramatically in recent years. Prior studies suggest that most soldiers with suicidal behaviors i.e., ideation, plans, and attempts had first onsets prior to enlistment. However, those data are based on retrospective self-reports of soldiers later in their Army careers. Unbiased examination of this issue requires investigation of suicidality among new soldiers. Method The New Soldier Study NSS of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers Army STARRS used fully structured self-administered measures to estimate preenlistment histories of suicide ideation, plans, and attempts among new soldiers reporting for Basic Combat Training in 2011 2012. Survival models examined sociodemographic correlates of each suicidal outcome. Results Lifetime prevalence estimates of preenlistment suicide ideation, plans, and attempts were 14.1, 2.3, and 1.9, respectively. Most reported onsets of suicide plans and attempts 73.3 81.5 occurred within the first year after onset of ideation. Odds of these lifetime suicidal behaviors among new soldiers were positively, but weakly associated with being female, unmarried, religion other than Protestant or Catholic, and a raceethnicity other than non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, or Hispanic.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations