Have Adversary Missiles Become a Revolution in Military Affairs?
AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL AIR FORCE RESEARCH INST
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The United States last had relative parity with the missile forces of potential adversaries in the early 1990s. Since then, the gap between our air and missile defense AMD capabilities and those of threat missile forces has continued to widen. Initially, this occurred because of the ability of our adversaries rapidly increasing numbers of ballistic and cruise missiles and long-range rockets to overwhelm US forward-based AMD systems. For the most part, threat ballistic missiles were unsophisticated variants of modified and improved SCUD missiles. The late 1990s saw China, Russia, Iran, North Korea, and others fielding more sophisticated ballistic missiles that utilized solid fuel, inertial and Global Positioning System guidance, greater warhead lethality, extended ranges, improved mobility, and onboard and standoff countermeasures. These weapons were supported by increasingly advanced command and control C2, doctrine, training, and targeting capabilities. At the same time, our opponents have seen the great success the United States has enjoyed with precision attack Tomahawk cruise missiles.
- Guided Missiles