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Nutritional Fitness and Resilience: A Review of Relevant Constructs, Measures, and Links to Well-Being

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U.S. military personnel have been engaged in operations in Central Asia and the Middle East for the past decade. Members of the armed forces also deploy to other regions of the world. Many aspects of deployments have the potential to contribute to individual stress, such as uncertainty about deployment time lines culture shock in theater fear of or confrontation with death or physical injury environmental challenges, such as extreme climates and geographical features austere living conditions separation from friends and family members and reintegration after deployment. Service members and their families also manage other military-related stressors, such as frequent relocations, long work hours, and the additional family separations associated with unaccompanied tours and domestic training exercises. Some service members and their families may cope well or even thrive as they overcome adversity and accomplish challenging tasks. However, some may suffer negative consequences as a result of military-related stressors, such as physical injury, including traumatic brain injury depression, anxiety, or other mood disorders posttraumatic stress disorder spiritual crises substance abuse family dysfunction marital problems and dissolutions social isolation and in extreme cases, even suicide or suicide attempts. With the aim of preventing such deleterious outcomes rather than simply responding to them, the study of resilience is of paramount importance. The Air Force offices of Airman and Family Services AFA1S, the Surgeon General AFSG, and the Secretary of the Air Force, Force Management and Personnel SAFMRM asked the RAND Corporation to help the Air Force develop its programs to promote resiliency among military and civilian Air Force personnel and their families. This report is one in a series of nine reports that resulted from that research effort.

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  • Food, Food Service and Nutrition

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