Taiwan: Major U.S. Arms Sales Since 1990
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE WASHINGTON DC
Pagination or Media Count:
This report, updated through the 113th Congress, discusses U.S. security assistance to Taiwan calling itself Republic of China ROC, including policy issues for Congress and legislation. Congress has oversight of the Taiwan Relations Act TRA, P.L. 96-8, which has governed arms sales to Taiwan since 1979, when the United States recognized the People s Republic of China PRC instead of the ROC. The U.S.-ROC Mutual Defense Treaty terminated in 1979. Two other relevant parts of the one China policy are the August 17, 1982, U.S.-PRC Joint Communique and the Six Assurances to Taiwan. U.S. arms sales to Taiwan have been significant. The United States also expanded military ties with Taiwan after the PRC s missile firings in 1995-1996. At the last U.S.-Taiwan annual arms sales talks on April 24, 2001, President George W. Bush approved for possible sale diesel-electric submarines, P-3 anti-submarine warfare ASW aircraft linked to the submarine sale, four decommissioned U.S. Kidd-class destroyers, and other items. Bush also deferred decisions on Aegis-equipped destroyers and other items, while denying other requests. Afterward, attention turned to Taiwan, where the military, civilian officials, and legislators from competing political parties debated contentious issues about how much to spend on defense and which U.S. weapons to acquire, despite the increasing threat including a missile buildup from the PRC s military, the People s Liberation Army PLA. The Pentagon also has broadened its concern from Taiwan s arms purchases to its defense spending, seriousness in selfdefense and protection of secrets, joint capabilities, deterrence, operational readiness, critical infrastructure protection, and innovative, asymmetrical advantages.
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Government and Political Science