Accession Number:

ADA609532

Title:

New Generation of Satellite-Derived Ocean Thermal Structure for the Western North Pacific Typhoon Intensity Forecasting

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

NAVAL RESEARCH LAB STENNIS DETACHMENT STENNIS SPACE CENTER MS

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2013-10-26

Pagination or Media Count:

18.0

Abstract:

Ocean thermal structure is critical for the intensity change of tropical cyclones TCs. It has been operationally derived from satellite altimetry for TC forecasting and research. The existing derivation is, however, based on a simple two-layer method as a result, only two isotherms can be obtained to coarsely characterize the subsurface ocean thermal structure. Improvement on the vertical resolution to enhance ocean characterization is desirable for more accurately estimating ocean s energy supply for TC intensity change. In this study, we present a new generation of derivation to improve ocean s subsurface characterization for the Western North Pacific Ocean WNPO because this region has the highest TC occurrence on the Earth. In addition to the presently used two isotherms for the depths of 20 C and 26 C isotherms D20 and D26, we derive continuous isotherms from D4 up to D29 maximum 26 subsurface layers to characterize the subsurface ocean thermal structure in detail. This is achieved through applying a large set 38,000 of in situ Argo thermal profiles to regression development. A smaller set of in situ Argo profiles 7000, independent of those used for regression, is utilized for validation, to assess the accuracy of the new derivation. The root-mean-square differences RMSDs between the derived and the in situ isotherms are found to be within 10 20 m for the upper isotherms D20 to D29 and within 40 60 m for the lower isotherms D4 to D19. No significant biases of derived isotherms are found.

Subject Categories:

  • Meteorology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE