Evaluation of Tests of Perceptual Speed/Accuracy and Spatial Ability for Use in Military Occupational Classification
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH HUMAN PERFORMANCE WING (711TH) HUMAN EFFECTIVENESS DIRECTORATE/WARFIGHTER INTERFACE DIVISION
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With the exception of Assembling Objects AO, a spatial ability test used only by the Navy in enlisted occupational classification, the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery ASVAB is academic and knowledge-based, somewhat limiting its utility for occupational classification. This article presents the case for integrating the AO test into military classification composites and for expanding the breadth of ASVAB content by including a former ASVAB speedaccuracy test, Coding Speed CS. Empirical evidence is presented that shows AO and CS increment the validity of the ASVAB in predicting training grades for a broad range of occupations, b reduce adverse impact defined as test score barriers for women and minorities, and c improve classification in terms of matching recruits to occupations. Some cognitive theory is presented to support AO and CS, as well as nonverbal reasoning and working memory tests for inclusion in or adjuncts to the ASVAB.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Military Forces and Organizations