Improving U.S.-India HA/DR Coordination in the Indian Ocean
CNA ANALYSIS AND SOLUTIONS ALEXANDRIA VA
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The CNA Corporation conducted this study to determine how the United States can best deepen coordination with India on humanitarian assistance and disaster relief HADR in the Indian Ocean. This study builds on the findings of a 2012 CNA Corporation study, U.S.- India Security Burden-Sharing, which identified HADR as a functional area in which the United States could advance naval relations with India. This is due to the frequency with which natural disasters strike the region, especially the Bay of Bengal, and, for India, the relative domestic political palatability of working with the United States in the aftermath of natural disasters. The United States is increasingly looking to India to contribute to security in the Indian Ocean. Deepening U.S.-Indian economic connections, shared democratic identities, declining U.S. defense budgets, and the rise of China have drawn the United States closer to India as a security partner in the region. To advance bilateral naval ties through coordination on HADR, this study determines how the United States can best draw on Indias new disaster response architecture and growing naval capabilities and experiences lessons learned from case studies of U.S. and Indian relief provision after previous natural disasters in the Indian Ocean and research into likely outcomes of future natural disaster scenarios.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics