Deployment of Military Mothers during Wartime
Final rept. 1 Jul 2009-30 Jun 2012
CATHOLIC UNIV OF AMERICA WASHINGTON DC
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The primary aim was to describe the perceptions of military mothers regarding separation from their children over the trajectory of the wartime deployment experience. Grounded theory Interview lasting 1-1.5 hours structured around the stages of deployment. Thirty-seven military women representing primarily Army 81 and Air Force 19 active duty 91 women deployed to Iraq 84. Many had multiple deployments 30 to both theaters lasting 6-15 months at a time. At the time of separation, children ranged in age from 3 months- 12 years. Many were single mothers 32 or married to another service member 57. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and the constant comparative method was used to identify core processes through a combination of open, axial, and selective coding in order to construct a theoretical model of the deployment separation. Primary themes included missing milestones, commitment, communication, child reactions, mother guilt, and it takes a village . An emerging theory of mother deployment separation was developed around the core construct preserving the sacred bond . Participants identified normalizing strategies to help mothers maintain a relationship and foster connectedness with their children during the separation. Emotional reactions such as distancing and relinquishing control helped mothers focus upon the mission. Reintegration involved ongoing adjustment for mother and children. Implications for Military Nursing This study increases understanding of mother separation in wartime deployments. The findings identified strategies useful before and during wartime deployments provided evidence based indications for policy development and will guide support networks working with families and children.