Moral and Ethical Decision Making: Literature Review
HUMANSYSTEMS INC GUELPH (ONTARIO)
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This report outlines the Department of National Defences approach to moral and ethical decision making outlined in the Defence Ethics Program DEP, and considers the scientific and military research pertaining to moral and ethical decision making. This work discusses the various conceptual definitions of morality and ethics, and explores the Defense Ethics Program in detail. The DEP argues that several factors influence moral and ethical decision making, and these factors are reviewed. Following this, both formal and informal CF training mechanisms that address moral and ethical decision making are explored. In general, our review found that the DEP depicts ethical decision making as a primarily rational linear cognitive process. This stands in contrast to both descriptions of military personnel, as well as current literature that suggests intuition, emotion, culture, and an individuals self-concept will also determine moral and ethical judgements and action. Moreover, efforts to understand moral and ethical decision making must also consider the operational realities that confront the CF in todays military campaigns. These research areas have the potential to promote a complex model of ethical decision making in military operations.
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics