Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
Pagination or Media Count:
The capacity, transparency, and legitimacy of Afghan governance are considered crucial to Afghan stability as U.S.-led NATO forces draw down in Afghanistan. The size and capability of the Afghan governing structure has increased significantly since the Taliban regime fell in late 2001, but the government remains weak and rife with corruption. The government has slowly widened its writ, even though substantial powers are concentrated in the elected presidency through powers of appointment at all levels. President Hamid Karzai has served as president since late 2001 he is constitutionally term-limited and will leave office after the conclusion of presidential and provincial elections. The first round of took place on April 5, 2014, and the final, certified vote count showed Northern Alliance opposition leader Dr. Abdullah Abdullah with nearly 45 of the vote and former Finance Minister Ashraf Ghani with about 31.5. Because no one obtained more than 50, a runoff was required, and was scheduled for June 14, amid concerns the vote would create ethnic tensions between Pashtuns, Afghanistan s largest group represented by Ghani, and the second largest group the Tajiks, with whom Abdullah is identified. Certified results are due July 22, but Abdullah has alleged that the vote counting process is illegitimate, raising the potential for political violence and a prolonged delay in the transfer of power.
- Government and Political Science