Two Expeditions to Capture Fort Duquesne: A Study in Understanding the Operational Environment and Attendant Failure (1755) and Success (1758)
MARINE CORPS COMMAND AND STAFF COLL QUANTICO VA
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Recent operations in Iraq and Afghanistan have demonstrated the necessity for commanders to understand the operational environment i.e. the culture, geography, key actors, allies, the enemy, potential allies or foes, and the character of warfare and then adapt in order to be successful. The study of history allows current military professionals the ability to examine past operations and draw lessons learn that can be applied in the future. The French and Indian War fought in North America from 1755-1760 occurred in as complex operational environment as can be imagined. The terrain, the type of warfare, the cultural differences between the participants was not like Europe. This paper will examine, through comparing and contrasting, two British expeditions focusing on the following operational elements The commanders, theater environment, intelligence, logistics planning, and diplomacy.
- Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics