Global Security Contingency Fund: Summary and Issue Overview
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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The FY2012 National Defense Authorization Act P.L. 112-81, Section 1207, created a new Global Security Contingency Fund GSCF as a 4-year pilot project to be jointly administered and funded by the Department of Defense DoD and the State Department. The purpose of the fund is to carry out security and counterterrorism training, and rule of law programs. The GSCF is placed under the State Departments budget. Although decisions are to be jointly made by the Secretaries of State and Defense, the mandated mechanism puts the Secretary of State in the lead. The GSCF was conceived of as an important step in improving U.S. efforts to enable foreign military and security forces to better combat terrorism and other threats. It incorporates features of previous legislation and reflects recommendations to address multiple deficiencies in current national security structures and practices. Many have hope that it will provide a model for interagency cooperation on security assistance that will overcome the disadvantages of the current system of agency-centric budgets and efforts. Extended start-up difficulties, however, have led to questions about the mechanisms utility. The Administration has taken steps to program FY2012 funds. In mid-2012, it notified Congress that it would initiate programs for Yemen and East Africa under the transitional Section 1207n, P.L. 112-81 authority with authorized funding up to 75 million each. These are being implemented. Later in the year, the Administration transferred 44.8 million to the GSCF for programs under the core GSCF legislation, which provided for country selection by the Administration in the course of the fiscal year. The Secretary of State designated seven countries as eligible for this assistance Nigeria, the Philippines, Bangladesh, Libya, Hungary, Romania, and Slovakia.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Forces and Organizations
- Unconventional Warfare