Analysis of the Landing Ship Tank (LST) and its Influence on Amphibious Warfare During World War Two
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS
Pagination or Media Count:
The creation and implementation of The Landing Ship Tank brought amphibious operations to a new level of significance in the U.S military during WWII. Without its introduction during the war, many operations such as the landing at Normandy or the island hopping of the Pacific, would have been delayed or not conducted and could very well have cost the US victory during these conflicts. Presented in this thesis is a review of amphibious warfare development in the interwar period to include the aspects of doctrine and tactics, types of landing craft and ships that were used by the U.S. Military. It also examined the training exercises and the equipment that were available to the U.S. military in the interwar period. Further, the study conducts an analysis of the technological innovations that were introduced because of the operational requirements for the LST and the way in which they were employed in theater. This thesis looks at the evolution of the LST from its initial conception to the end of WWII in 1945. The study finds that the LST performed a vital service to the U.S. and its Allies during WWII and it changed how the U.S. military conducted amphibious operations on a tactical and operational level. It also shows that the LST did not impact published amphibious warfare doctrine. A historical understanding of this ship and the influence it had on major operations during WWII can provide insight for future naval leaders and policy makers in the design and employment of innovative new amphibious ships.
- Naval Surface Warfare