Function of ZFAND3 in the DNA Damage Response
Annual summary rept. 1 Jun 2010-31 May 2013
VANDERBILT UNIV NASHVILLE TN
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Tumors exhibit genomic instability that arises from environmental and endogenous sources of DNA damage. To prevent the propagation of unstable genomes, the DNA damage response DDR pathway is activated during each cell cycle to ensure accurate DNA replication, repair of damaged DNA and apoptosis of heavily damaged cells. Thus, the DDR pathway functions as a barrier to cancer. DDR activation has been observed in precancerous lesions and has led to the idea that unresolved problems accumulated during DNA replication promote tumorigenesis. Such damaged sites halt the progression of DNA polymerases and cause replication stress that activates the DDR. Repair and restart of damaged replication forks requires the concerted effort of several DNA repair proteins, including the tumor suppressor BRCA1 breast cancer 1 and other DDR proteins that have yet to be characterized. I hypothesized that multiple DDR pathways prevent the accumulation of replication stress observed in precancerous and cancerous lesions of the breast. I identified one putative novel replication stress response protein Zfand3 and characterized its regulation and function during the DDR. I also developed a new biochemical purification method termed iPOND isolation of proteins on nascent DNA to examine Zfand3 and other replication stress proteins that function at moving and stalled replication forks in human cells. These findings suggest that multiple DDR pathways coordinated at replication forks prevent genome instability and have implications for understanding breast cancer etiology.
- Medicine and Medical Research