Northern Indian Ocean Salt Transport (NIOST): Estimation of Fresh and Salt Water Transports in the Indian Ocean using Remote Sensing, Hydrographic Observations and HYCOM Simulations
SOUTH CAROLINA UNIV COLUMBIA DEPT OF EARTH AND OCEAN SCIENCES
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Sea surface salinity SSS variability contributes to variability of the global hydrologic cycle and oceanic processes such as circulation and heat storage. Salinity and temperature together affect the density of seawater and thus its circulation. Though water temperature and SST have been measured extensively by in-situ observations and remote sensing, extensive salinity observations have been lacking. The launch of the European Space Agency s SMOS satellite on November 2, 2009, and NASA and Space Agency of Argentina s Comision Nacional de Actividades Espaciales, CONAE AquariusSAC-D satellite mission in June 10, 2011 opened a new era by providing global salinity observations, which will improve our understanding of salinity variability and dynamics. Part of our motivation for this work is to provide a future reference for Indian Ocean salt flux computed with data from the SMOS and Aquarius salinity satellite missions, fresh and salt water transports and budget using HYCOM simulations and Hydrographic observations.
- Physical and Dynamic Oceanography