Helium Nanodroplet Isolation and Infrared Spectroscopy of the Isolated Ion-Pair 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB EDWARDS AFB CA
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The ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bistrifluoromethylsulfonylimide is vaporized at 420 K, and the ion-pair constituents are entrained in a beam of liquid He nanodroplets and cooled to 0.4 K. The vapor pressure is optimized such that each He droplet picks up a single ion-pair from the gas phase. Infrared spectroscopy in the CH stretch region reveals bands that are assigned to intact ion-pairs on the basis of comparisons to ab initio harmonic frequency computations of 23 low energy isomers. The He droplet spectrum is consistent with a weighted sum of the computed harmonic spectra, in which the weights are determined from ab initio computations of the relative free energies at 420 K. Anharmonic resonance polyads in the CH stretch region are treated explicitly, which improves the agreement between the experiment and computed spectra for ion-pairs. For isomers having a strong cation...anion hydrogen bonding interaction, the imidazolium C2-H stretch fundamental is shifted to lower energy and into resonance with the overtones and combination of the imidazolium ring stretching modes, resulting in a spectral complexity in the CH stretch region that is fully resolved in the He droplet spectrum. The assignment of the infrared spectrum to ion-pairs is confirmed through polarization spectroscopy measurements that reveal the permanent electric dipole moment of the He-solvated species to be 11616172 D. The computed permanent electric dipole moments for the low energy isomers of the emimTf2N- ion pairs fall in the range 9-13 D, whereas the computed dipole moments of decomposition products of the ionic liquid are less than 4.3 D.
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Physical Chemistry