Accession Number:

ADA595530

Title:

Elimination of Speckle and Target Orientation Requirements in Millimeter-Wave Active Imaging by Modulated Multimode Mixing Illumination

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

OHIO STATE UNIV COLUMBUS DEPT OF PHYSICS

Report Date:

2012-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

17.0

Abstract:

Active imaging can provide significantly larger signal margins in the millimeter-wave spectral region than passive imaging, especially indoors an important application for which there is no cold sky illumination. However, coherent effects, such as speckle, negate much of this advantage by destroying image clarity and target recognition. Moreover, active imaging demonstrations often use strategically chosen target orientations to optimally reflect power from the active illuminator back to the imaging receiver. In this paper we will discuss and show experimental results for a new active imaging approach that largely eliminates coherent effects and the need for optimized target orientation. The work described uses a synthesized harmonic multiplier chain to drive a 5 W extended interaction klystron at 218.4 GHz, a mechanical mode mixer to illuminate and modulate many modes, and a heterodyne receiver coupled into a 60 cm scanning mirror. Large signal margins were obtained in this 50 m range work, showing paths to imaging at 1 km, imaging with considerably less powerful illuminators, and the use of focal plane arrays.

Subject Categories:

  • Radiofrequency Wave Propagation

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE