Accession Number:

ADA595404

Title:

A Numerical Investigation of the influence of Yarn-Level Finite-Element Model on Energy Absorption by a Flexible Fabric Armour During Ballistic Impact

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

CLEMSON UNIV SC DEPT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Report Date:

2008-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

19.0

Abstract:

A series of transient non-linear dynamic finite-element method FEM analyses pertaining to the interaction of a single-ply plain-woven balanced square textile-fabric armour with a spherical steel projectile is carried out in order to compare the corresponding results obtained for two different yarn models a a solid FEM model in which the warp and weft yarns are represented using first-order three-dimensional solid elements and b a membrane model in which the same yarns are represented using second-order membrane elements. The analyses are carried out under different yarn-yarn and projectilefabric frictional conditions and under different far-field boundary conditions applied to the edges of the fabric. The results obtained showed that the two sets of analyses yield comparable predictions regarding the temporal evolution and the spatial distribution of the deformation and damage fields within the fabric, regarding the ability of the fabric to absorb the projectiles kinetic energy and regarding the relative contributions of the main energy absorbing mechanisms. The work also confirmed the roles yarn-yarn and projectile-fabric friction play in the impact process as well as the effect of the far-field boundary conditions applied to the edges of the fabric.

Subject Categories:

  • Textiles
  • Numerical Mathematics
  • Armor

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE