A Safety and Environmental Assessment of the Biological Simulants Bacillus subtilis and Newcastle Disease Virus. Volume 1: Discussion
DEFENCE RESEARCH ESTABLISHMENT SUFFIELD RALSTON (ALBERTA)
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It has been and still is necessary to use test biological warfare agent detectors and carry out research activities such as studies on individual and collective protection, development of sampling techniques and procedures in biological defence using microorganisms. To carry out this work, ORES has used Bacillus subtilis BG for a number of years. Recently it became desirable to use a viral simulant as well and after a detailed search, Newcastle Disease virus La Sota strain, a vaccine strain was chosen. Safety and the lack of environmental risk of these two organisms were the main criteria in their selection. This document summarises all available information on the safety and environmental effects of these two organisms. This review identified no hazards to personnel or the environment from the use of BG and NOV in the field.
- Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare
- Environmental Health and Safety