Composting Solid Waste in Military Contingency Operations
ARMY ENGINEER SCHOOL FORT LEONARD WOOD MO
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Armies around the globe have always had to deal with the problem of solid waste. Today, a large percentage of solid waste is packaging materials cardboard, paper, and plastic, in addition to waste food and sewage sludge. While much of the solid waste generated at base camps is biologically degradable, the solid waste problem presents significant waste management challenges for the U.S. Army. This is a particular concern when we operate in countries where there are few if any modern waste disposal facilities. During the past 2 years, the United States Army Europe USAREUR Engineer Support Operations ESO has tested a composting system that converts up to 85 percent of the putrescible waste waste that decomposes generated at base camps into a usable product. Additionally, this composting system greatly reduces pathogens, as well as minimizes odor and bioaerosol emissions. The compost produced by the system can be used in a variety of ways, including erosion control, soil amendment, or land application in agricultural, forestry, or mine reclamation use.
- Agricultural Chemistry
- Solid Wastes and Pollution and Control