Improving the Representation of Human Factors in Operational Analysis
DEFENCE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY LAB PORTSDOWN WEST (UNITED KINGDOM)
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Operational Analysis OA supports a wide range of military decisions, from tactical level through to campaign implementation. As all military operations are human activities, there is a requirement to deliver appropriate representation of human issues in OA advice to UK Ministry of Defence MOD decision-makers. It has long been acknowledged that in a number of OA models, containing humans with group behaviours, there is insufficient consideration of key human factors HFhuman issues. A reason given by the OA community is that the Human Sciences HS community do not have the required data in a readily useable format for their OA models. Correspondingly the HS community have argued that the analysts do not adequately define their requirements. Defence Science Technology Laboratory Dstl was tasked to identify a common set of HF to be considered for inclusion within OA models, and to review and capture the key interfaces and issues between the OA and HS communities. This latter task aimed to continue to improve the working relationship between the two communities via a process promoting a shared understanding, and flow of information and data between the communities. The study determined that there was no common set of human factors for inclusion within OA models. The key set of HF was dependent upon the context, the question to be addressed, and the models level of abstraction. A draft Good Practice Guide was developed to capture an auditable process by which the OA and HS communities could exploit each others areas of expertise in order to inform their respective research programmes. This was validated and refined using existing OA models.
- Sociology and Law
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
- Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems