Accession Number:

ADA592140

Title:

Field Responses of Anopheles gambiae Complex (Diptera: Culicidae) in Liberia using Yeast-Generated Carbon Dioxide and Synthetic Lure-Baited Light Traps

Descriptive Note:

Journal article

Corporate Author:

NAVY ENTOMOLOGY CENTER OF EXCELLENCE JACKSONVILLE NAS FL

Report Date:

2013-07-01

Pagination or Media Count:

9.0

Abstract:

Malaria infection is a serious public health problem throughout Liberia, but vector surveillance is limited or nonexistent in remote regions of the country. To better understand the spatial and temporal distribution of malaria vectors in Liberia and to support vector and malaria activities of the Liberian Ministry of Health, a study was conducted to determine the efficacy of light traps baited with a synthetic lure and CO2 for capturing Anopheles gambiae sensu lato Giles. Traps with a ultraviolet, light-emitting diode, and incandescent lights baited with a synthetic skin lure and CO2 combinations were evaluated at four field sites in three counties of Liberia for five consecutive nights every 8 wk during 2011. In total, 4,788 mosquitoes representing 56 species from nine genera were collected throughout the 30-wk study An. gambiae s. l. comprised 32 and of the 148 An. gambiae s. s. collected, 85 were of the S form. A greater percentage of An. gambiae s. l. were collected in ultraviolet traps baited with a synthetic lure and CO2 compared with any other trap configuration. The influence of trap configuration on conclusions from surveillance efforts, specifically with regards to An. gambiae is discussed.

Subject Categories:

  • Biology
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Optics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE