Synthesis and Characterization of Furanic Compounds
Final rept. 1-31 Jul 2012
ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD WEAPONS AND MATERIALS RESEARCH DIRECTORATE
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Furans have been investigated in many chemical syntheses for specialty chemicals and polymers. Furans are attractive compounds because they are chemically obtainable through the catalytic decarbonylation of furfural, which is obtain through chemical modification of hemicelluloses xylose. We seek to further develop biobased furanic materials with the goal of obtaining polymers with high Tg and mechanical properties. This report details the synthesis of monomers necessary for the production of high-performance furan-based polymers analogous to Kevlar, nylon, epoxies, and other high-performance polymers. We used conventional synthetic organic chemistry to prepare monomers including furan-2-carbonyl azide 2-furanamine 2,2-Methylenedifuran di2-furylmethanone 2,5-furan dicarboxylic acid 2,5-furan dicarboxylic acid chloride and 2,5-furan diamide. The monomers were purified using extraction methods and characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The monomers were produced at high purity and in good yields.
- Organic Chemistry