Alloying-Element Loss during High-Temperature Processing of a Nickel-Base Superalloy (Preprint)
Final rept. 1 Oct 2008-31 Dec 2012
AIR FORCE RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH MATERIALS AND MANUFACTURING DIRECTORATE
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The effect of exposure at temperatures commonly used for wrought processingheat treatment of nickel-base superalloys on the loss of alloying elements at the free surface has been determined. For this purpose, LSHR superalloy samples were exposed at 1408 K 1135 C for 0.25 to 4 h in a vacuum or air furnace. Samples heat treated in the air furnace were either bare or enclosed in quartz capsules that had been evacuated or backfilled with argon. Following heat treatment, the alloy composition as a function of depth below the surface was determined by wavelength dispersive spectroscopy. Samples that had been heat treated in the vacuum furnace exhibited significant depletion of only chromium, a behavior explained on the basis of its high activity in nickel solid solution and corresponding rapid rate of evaporation. By contrast, samples heat treated in air exhibited an irregular scale at the surface and an underlying grain-coarsened, gamma-prime-depleted metal layer lean in aluminum, titanium, and chromium. A yet different behavior characterized primarily by aluminum loss at the surface was noted for samples that had been heat treated in evacuated or argon-backfilled capsules. These observations were interpreted in the context of a reaction between the quartz capsule and the aluminum evaporant.
- Metallurgy and Metallography