Electrochemiluminescence from Tunicate, Tunichrome--Metal Complexes and Other Biological Samples (Postprint)
APPLIED RESEARCH ASSOCIATES INC TYNDALL AFB FL
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Low level intrinsic electrochemiluminescence ECL was induced from body fluids and homogenized tissues of oysters and several species of tunicates. No significant ECL was detected in human blood cell lysates, or bovine haematin, but minor ECL was observed in avian blood cell lysates. Both terrestrial grass and seagrass exhibited ECL, which is probably attributable to chlorophyll, since dead brown grass did not demonstrate ECL. It was postulated that organic-metal complexes in marine invertebrates were, at least in part, responsible for the intrinsic ECL, since such animals are known to be rich in organically bound metals. However, alternative biochemical mechanisms for the observed ECL, which do not involve metal chelates, are possible. Various metal ions were added to the invertebrate preparations to determine whether exogenous metals could enhance or inhibit the ECL reactions. Strongly oxidizing metal ions such as AG, Au, Cu2, Hg2 and Sb2 at or to 100 ppm severely inhibited the intrinsic ECL response. No statistically significant ECL enhancement due to addition of metal ions was noted. ECL profiles were generated which demonstrated differences in the ECL responses of individual tunicate preparations to the presence of various exogenous metal ions. Differences in ECL profiles may represent differences in types or levels of endogenous metal chelates or other biochemical constituents. In addition, synthetic tunichromes tunicate pigments were analysed for ECL in the presence and absence of various added metal ions. One synthetic tunichrome isomer demonstrated a specific ECL interaction with Hg2, while the other demonstrated broader ECL activity with several metal ions.