Accession Number:



Toward Integrated DoD Biosurveillance: Assessment and Opportunities

Descriptive Note:

Research rept.

Corporate Author:


Report Date:


Pagination or Media Count:



Biosurveillance is a cornerstone of public health. In July 2012, the White House issued the National Strategy for Biosurveillance, which defines the term and sets out key functions and guiding principles. The Department of Defense DoD carries out biosurveillance to monitor the health of military and affiliated populations and supports biosurveillance in other countries through a range of programs across the department. The Deputy Secretary of Defense issued interim guidance in June 2013 for implementation of the new National Strategy. This begins to set formal policy for DoDs biosurveillance enterprise. The Office of Management and Budget OMB recognized the importance of effective DoD biosurveillance not only for the department itself but also within the context of the National Strategy. With this in mind, OMB tasked DoD to carry out a comprehensive examination of its biosurveillance enterprise to determine priority missions and desired outcomes, the extent to which DoD biosurveillance programs contribute to these missions, and whether the current funding system is appropriate and how it can be improved to ensure stable funding. DoD leaders designated the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center AFHSC to lead this assessment effort. AFHSC sought objective external analytic support from the RAND Arroyo Center, a component of the RAND Corporation, to respond to the tasks specified by OMB Task 1 Identify a prioritized list of the programs missions and desired outcomes, and develop performance measures and targets to track progress toward achieving those outcomes Task 2 Evaluate how the current array of DoD biosurveillance program assets contributes to achieving these prioritized missions and Task 3 Assess whether the current funding system is appropriate and how it can be improved to assure stable funding.

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research
  • Military Forces and Organizations
  • Military Intelligence
  • Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare

Distribution Statement: