The Development and Application of the RAND Program Classification Tool. The RAND Toolkit, Volume 1
RAND NATIONAL DEFENSE RESEARCH INST SANTA MONICA CA
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Between 2001 and late 2010, more than 2.2 million service members were deployed in support of military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, including Operation Iraqi Freedom, Operation Enduring Freedom, and the newest phase of operations in Iraq, Operation New Dawn U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Public Health and Environmental Hazards, 2010. Despite the recent drawdown of troops in Iraq, service members have experienced significant mental health problems because of the increased pace of deployments, longer deployments, and frequent redeployments over the past decade. Among those who had been deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan as of October 2007, approximately one-fifth reported symptoms consistent with current posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD or major depression, and about the same number reported having experienced a probable traumatic brain injury TBI while deployed Tanielian and Jaycox, 2008. The psychological health of returning service members may also have consequences for their families, as struggles related to PTSD, depression, or TBI may affect marriage and intimate relationships, the well-being of spouses and partners, parenting practices, and children s outcomes Tanielian, Jaycox, 2008 Chandra et al., 2010.
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