Childhood Exposure to Family Violence and Attrition in the Navy
NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA
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In a prospective study of U.S. Navy recruits N5,491, we examined the relationship between childhood exposure to family violence child physical abuse CPA child sexual abuse CSA and domestic violence DV and attrition during basic military training BMT and for 4 years after BMT. Overall, 55 of the recruits experienced one or more forms of childhood family violence, with women reporting higher rates of CSA and DV. Considered separately, each form of childhood violence was significantly associated with attrition, with similar associations for attrition during and after BMT. When considered simultaneously, all three types of childhood violence were associated with attrition in men in contrast, only CSA was associated with attrition in women. When males and females experienced all three types of childhood violence, they were 303 and 139, respectively, more like to attrite compared with recruits who reported no childhood violence.
- Sociology and Law
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Military Forces and Organizations