Analysis of Handling Qualities Design Criteria for Active Inceptor Force-Feel Characteristics
ARMY AVIATION AND MISSILE RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ENG CTR MOFFETT FIELD CA AEROFLIGHTDYNAMICS DIRECTORATE
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The force-feel system characteristics of the cyclic inceptors of most helicopters are set based on the characteristics of the mechanical components in the control system mass, springs, friction dampers, etc.. For these helicopters, the force-feel characteristics typically remain constant over the entire flight envelope, with perhaps a trim release to minimize control forces while maneuvering. With the advent of fly-by-wire control systems and active inceptors in helicopters, the force-feel characteristics are now determined by the closed-loop response of the active inceptor itself as defined by the inertia, forcedisplacement gradient, damping, breakout force and detent shape configuration parameters in the inceptor control laws. These systems give the flexibility to dynamically prescribe different feel characteristics for different control modes or flight conditions, and the ability to provide tactile cueing to the pilot through the actively controlled side-stick or center-stick cyclic inceptor. The overall goal of the present study is to develop a clearer fundamental understanding of the underlying mechanisms associated with the inceptor dynamics that govern the handling qualities using a manageable analytical methodology.
- Flight Control and Instrumentation