Democratic civilian control of the Nepalese Army
ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLLEGE FORT LEAVENWORTH KS
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Civil-military relations in Nepal have evolved as the various forms of government have evolved in the last 30 years as such, it is difficult to describe the current state of democratic civilian control of the Nepalese Army. This research describes institutional reforms that have been enacted, changes that have affected which individual exercises control over the Army, and how the Government of Nepal has integrated the former Maoist insurgents into both the government and Army. The researcher used a qualitative method to assess how Nepal has changed its Constitution, laws, bureaucracy, and systems to develop its current democratic civilian control system and compared Nepals progress to that of El Salvadors efforts in the 1990s. This study determined that all too often the Army has had to divide its loyalties between two individuals or institutions and that this divided loyalty has caused problems for both the Army and Nepalese society. The following are recommendations or principles the Army must institutionalize to guide it through the still-evolving civil-military relationship discussions the Army should focus on external threats, remain apolitical professionals, and remember that they represent all of Nepalese society.
- Government and Political Science
- Military Forces and Organizations