An Approach to Prognostic Decision Making in the Aerospace Domain
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION MOFFETT FIELD CA AMES RESEARCH CENTER
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The field of Prognostic Health Management PHM has been undergoing rapid growth in recent years, with development of increasingly sophisticated techniques for diagnosing faults in system components and estimating fault progression trajectories. Research efforts on how to utilize prognostic health information e.g. for extending the remaining useful life of the system, increasing safety, or maximizing operational effectiveness are mostly in their early stages, however. The process of using prognostic information to determine a system s actions or its configuration is beginning to be referred to as Prognostic Decision Making PDM. In this paper we propose a formulation of the PDM problem with the attributes of the aerospace domain in mind, outline some of the key requirements for PDM methods, and explore techniques that can be used as a foundation of PDM development. The problem of satisfying the performance goals set for specific objective functions is discussed next, followed by ideas for possible solutions. The ideas, termed Dynamic Constraint Redesign DCR, have roots in the fields of Multidisciplinary Design Optimization and Game Theory. Prototype PDM and DCR algorithms are also described and results of their testing are presented.
- Numerical Mathematics