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Fully Coupled Thermomechanical Finite Element Analysis of Material Evolution During Friction-Stir Welding of AA5083

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Interactions between the rotating and advancing pin-shaped tool terminated at one end with a circular cylindrical shoulder with the clamped welding plates and the associated material and heat transport during a friction-stir welding FSW process are studied computationally using a fully coupled thermomechanical finite element analysis. To surmount potential numerical problems associated with extensive mesh distortionsentanglement, an arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian ALE formulation was used, which enabled adaptive remeshing to ensure the continuing presence of a high-quality mesh while allowing full tracking of the material-free surfaces. To demonstrate the utility of the present computational approach, the analysis is applied to the case of FSW of AA5083 a solid solution strengthened and strainhardenedstabilized Al Mg wrought alloy. To account for the competition between plastic deformation-controlled strengthening and dynamic recrystallization-induced softening phenomena during the FSW process, the original Johnson Cook strain and strain-rate hardening and temperature-softening material strength model is modified using the available recrystallization kinetics experimental data. Lastly, the computational results obtained in the present work are compared with their experimental counterparts available in the open literature. This comparison revealed that general trends regarding spatial distribution and temporal evolutions of various material-state quantities and their dependence on the FSW process parameters are reasonably well predicted by the present computational approach.

Subject Categories:

  • Fabrication Metallurgy
  • Numerical Mathematics
  • Thermodynamics

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