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Material Modeling and Ballistic-Resistance Analysis of Armor-Grade Composites Reinforced with High-Performance Fibers

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A new ballistic material model for 0 deg 90 deg cross-plied oriented ultra-high molecular weight UHMW polyethylene fiber-based armor-grade composite laminates has been constructed using open-literature data for the fiber and polymeric-matrix material properties and the general experimentalfield-test observations regarding the deformation and failure modes in these types of materials. The present model is an extension of our recently developed unit cell-based ballistic material model for the same class of composites M. Grujicic, G. Arakere, T. He,W.C. Bell, B. A. Cheeseman, C.-F. Yen, and B. Scott, A Ballistic Material Model for Cross-Plied Unidirectional Ultra-High Molecular-Weight Polyethylene Fiber-reinforced Armor-Grade Composites, Mater. Sci. Eng, A 2008, 4981-2, p 231-241 which was found to be physically sound, but computationally not very efficient. The present model is constructed in such a way that it can be readily integrated into commercial finite element programs like ANSYSAutodyn ANSYSAutodyn version 11.0, User Documentation, Century Dynamics Inc., a subsidiary of ANSYS Inc., 2007, as a User Material Subroutine. To validate the model, a series of transient nonlinear dynamics computational analyses of the transverse impact of armor-grade composite laminates with two types of bulletsprojectiles is carried out and the computational results compared with their experimental counterparts.

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  • Laminates and Composite Materials
  • Textiles
  • Ballistics

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