Accession Number:

ADA588344

Title:

Crowdsourced Decision Support for Emergency Responders

Descriptive Note:

Conference paper

Corporate Author:

GEORGE MASON UNIV FAIRFAX VA CENTER FOR EXCELLENCE IN COMMAND CONTROL COMMUNICATIONS COMPUTERS - INTELLIGENCE

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

2013-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

46.0

Abstract:

Real-time citizen interaction has the potential to transform societys response to crisis situations. New systems and processes must be developed to support citizen involvement and first responders must be trained in their use. The Citizens Emergency Response Portal System CERPS Simulation Experiment CERPS SIMEX examined the role of public interaction through social media during emergency situations. The SIMEX was conducted over five days in October 2012 at the Net-Centric C4ISR Experimentation Lab NCEL housed at The MITRE Corporations McLean, Va., headquarters and on the George Mason University GMU campus in Fairfax, Va. No actual emergency activities occurred on the campus the SIMEX was conducted behind a firewall to avoid unintentional public panic. The SIMEX brought together emergency response personnel from federal, state, county, and city jurisdictions in the National Capital Region of Washington, D.C. Emergency operators used real command and control systems with simulated reporting and sensor systems. Citizen participants were volunteers recruited from the GMU student body. The primary purpose of the SIMEX was to examine the hypothesis that citizen participation via social media in crisis response decision-making can improve the outcome of a crisis. This SIMEX was intended to establish a baseline for future research on crisis response decision support employing citizen participation.

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology
  • Computer Systems
  • Civil Defense
  • Command, Control and Communications Systems

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE