2012 Center for Army Leadership Annual Survey of Army Leadership (CASAL): Main Findings
Technical rept. Aug 2012-Apr 2013
ICF INTERNATIONAL INC FAIRFAX VA
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CASAL is an annual survey sponsored by the Combined Arms Center to assess the quality of Army leadership and leader development. 2012 findings are based on responses from over 27,000 Army leaders, including 20,192 sergeants through colonels from the Active component, US Army Reserve, and Army National Guard. The 2012 study has additional coverage on mission command, unit trust, strategic leadership, and the Army Profession. Getting results, preparing one self, and stewardship are the most favorably rated doctrinal competencies. The Army Values, confidence and composure, and professional bearing are the highest rated attributes. Develops others continues to be the competency most needing improvement. Over three fourths of leaders are rated effective at exercising mission command. Trust among unit members is moderate with most concern among junior NCOs. Leaders who are effective at building trust also tend to achieve higher levels of morale, commitment, and work quality. The percentage of Army leaders demonstrating negative leadership behaviors to the degree they would be deemed toxic continues to be low. Operational experience continues to be the most favored leader development practice. Army courses are seen as effective by a majority of graduates at improving leadership, but average ratings did decrease. Assignment and performance evaluation practices are seen as effective for leader development by half or fewer of Army leaders. Most leaders agree that it is important for the Army to be a profession, and they consider it to be a profession. Study recommendations include increasing instruction on the development of leadership as a skill, increasing emphasis on leaders developing subordinates, using advanced learning principles to increase the challenge of Army courses, and using position and duty assignments more intentionally to develop individuals.
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