Archetypical C2 Organization Design for Ever Increasing Technological Autonomy: An Unmanned Aircraft System Illustration
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA GRADUATE SCHOOL OF OPERATIONAL AND INFORMATION SCIENCES
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According to U.S. doctrine, command and control C2 represents the most important military activity of all, and it recognizes people as the central element. Given the complementary importance of technology, however, it is insightful to view C2 in terms of socio-technical system design. In such a context, it is important for any design to balance its socio and technical subsystems. Unfortunately, the rapidly advancing technologies associated with autonomous systems are pulling C2 designs out of balance, particularly where autonomous agents, robots, unmanned vehicles, and other machines are increasingly replacing people in organizations. This raises the important, open, research question of how socio-technical C2 systems should be redesigned to rebalance the rapid technological advance and broad proliferation of autonomous systems. Borrowing from success in engineering and the physical sciences, we seek to leverage known and well-understood principles to approach this design problem. We draw specifically from Organization Design OD. We build upon OD to characterize a principled, socio-technical system design method, the use and utility of which we illustrate through application to unmanned aircraft systems UAS. We begin by outlining two contrasting use cases in the context of maritime interdiction operations MIO 1 a single, organically operated unmanned aerial vehicle UAV in sparse, locally controlled airspace and 2 a large number of manned and unmanned aircraft operated by non-allied nations in dense, uncontrolled airspace.
- Pilotless Aircraft
- Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
- Command, Control and Communications Systems