Enhancing Digital Skills Training: Interactive Multimedia Instruction
Final rept. Feb 2008-Mar 2011
ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES FORT BELVOIR VA
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A task-centered instructional strategy was adapted to help digital system trainers apply principles of learning to enhance training. The task-centered strategy is derived from the work of David Merrill and has been used for many domains of training. This task-centered approach differs from training typically seen in digital system classrooms in that it encourages more active engagement by the students. Additionally, the strategy incorporates five training principles to maximize training effectiveness. These principles are that training be presented in the context of real-world tasks, that learners activate relevant prior knowledge, that learners observe a demonstration of the skill to be learned, that learners apply their new knowledge and skill, and that learners integrate their new skill into their daily activities. A train-the-trainer approach was developed into an interactive multimedia instructional package IMI. The IMI consists of six modules that cover how learning and memory work, how to overcome classroom challenges, understanding principles of training, a training example based on the five examples, and a review.