Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2014
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC CONGRESSIONAL RESEARCH SERVICE
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Congress has received President Obama s budget request for FY2014, which includes 142.773 billion for research and development RD, a 1.861 billion 1.3 increase from the FY2012 actual funding level of 140.912 billion. The request represents the President s RD priorities Congress may opt to agree with part or all of the request, or may express different priorities through the appropriations process. In particular, Congress will play a central role in determining the extent to which the federal RD investment can grow in the context of increased pressure on discretionary spending and how available funding will be prioritized and allocated. Low or negative growth in the overall RD investment may require movement of resources across disciplines, programs, or agencies to address priorities. Funding for RD is highly concentrated in a few departments. Under President Obama s FY2014 budget request, seven federal agencies would receive 95.3 of total federal RD funding, with the Department of Defense 47.8 and the Department of Health and Human Services 22.4, primarily for the National Institutes of Health accounting for more than 70 of all federal RD funding. Among the largest changes proposed in the President s request, the RD budget of the Department of Defense would fall by 4.625 billion 6.3, while RD funding for the Department of Commerce s National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST would increase by 1.428 billion. The NIST growth is fueled by increases in funding for its core research laboratories and by the establishment of the National Network for Manufacturing Innovation with 1 billion in mandatory funding. The NNMI seeks to promote the development of manufacturing technologies with broad applications.
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Government and Political Science
- Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods