Time and Frequency Activities at the U.S. Naval Observatory
NAVAL OBSERVATORY WASHINGTON DC TIME SERVICE DIV
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The U.S. Naval Observatory USNO has provided timing for the Navy since 1830 and via DoD Directives 4650.05 and 4650.07 is the sole source of timing for the Department of Defense. In cooperation with other institutions, the USNO also provides timing for the United States and the international community. Its Master Clock MC is the source of UTC USNO, USNOs realization of Coordinated Universal Time UTC, which has stayed within 5 ns rms of UTC since 1999 and within 2 ns rms in 2012. The data used to generate UTC USNO are based upon 87 cesium, 38 hydrogen maser, and 4 rubidium fountain frequency standards in several buildings at two sites. USNO disseminates time via voice, telephone modem, Network Time Protocol NTP, GPS, and Two-Way Satellite Time Transfer TWSTT. This paper describes some of the changes being made to meet the future needs for precision, accuracy, and robustness. Further details and explanations of our services can be found online at httpwww.usno.navy.milUSNOtime.
- Test Facilities, Equipment and Methods