Chemical and Physical Characterization of Comp A-3 Type II Prills
ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD WEAPONS AND MATERIALS RESEARCH DIRECTORATE
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Prills of Composition A-3, Type II Comp A-3 were characterized to provide information on the composition and properties of the explosive for implementation into modeling and simulation tools as part of the Multi-scale Response of Energetic Materials MREM program. Optical and scanning electron microscopy SEM were used to study the interaction between the RDX fill and polyethylene binder. The components of the formulation as well as residual solvent from the RDX and several impurities carried over from the polyethylene emulsion were identified using desorption-gas chromatographymass spectroscopy D-GCMS and Fourier transform infrared FTIR spectroscopy. Quantitative analysis of nitramines and morpholine were performed using high performance liquid chromatography HPLC. The reduced indentation modulus and hardness values of RDX crystals of different orientations were also measured. Thermal behavior was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry DSC, from which the percent crystallinity was estimated. The chemical and physical characterization of Comp A-3 prills is the first step toward understanding the microstructure of the pressed explosive and provides critical information for the development of a high fidelity particle-based course-grain model for predicting energetic material response.
- Ammunition and Explosives