Multiphysics Modeling and Simulations of Mil A46100 Armor-Grade Martensitic Steel Gas Metal Arc Welding Process
ARMY RESEARCH LAB ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD SURVIVABILITY MATERIALS BRANCH
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A multiphysics computational model has been developed for the conventional Gas Metal Arc Welding GMAW joining process and used to analyze butt-welding of MIL A46100, a prototypical high-hardness armor martensitic steel. The model consists of five distinct modules, each covering a specific aspect of the GMAW process, i.e., a dynamics of welding-gun behavior b heat transfer from the electric arc and mass transfer from the electrode to the weld c development of thermal and mechanical fields during the GMAW process d the associated evolution and spatial distribution of the material microstructure throughout the weld region and e the final spatial distribution of the as-welded material properties. To make the newly developed GMAW process model applicable to MIL A46100, the basic physical-metallurgy concepts and principles for this material have to be investigated and properly accounted formodeled. The newly developed GMAW process model enables establishment of the relationship between the GMAW process parameters e.g., open circuit voltage, welding current, electrode diameter, electrode-tipweld distance, filler-metal feed speed, and gun travel speed, workpiece material chemistry, and the spatial distribution of as-welded material microstructure and properties. The predictions of the present GMAW model pertaining to the spatial distribution of the material microstructure and properties within the MIL A46100 weld region are found to be consistent with general expectations and prior observations.
- Properties of Metals and Alloys
- Fabrication Metallurgy